This article explains how to search SharePoint 2010 from your Desktop.
Windows 7 windows explorer can be setup to search your SharePoint 2010 site.
To add a SharePoint site as a source for your desktop search, perform the following steps:
1. Perform a random search on your SharePoint Site.
2. From the Site Search Results Page, click on the icon near the right top area that looks like a folder with a magnifying glass on the top.
3. After you click the icon, a dialog box will appear asking you to confirm to add the search connector to your desktop.
4. Click Add.
5. Now you can search the site from your desktop windows explorer.